Food is a fundamental right and a vital element for human existence. Bangladesh is beset with many problems. Food is one of them. In recent years this problem is growing more acute. Population of Bangladesh is increasing at a high rate but food production is not increasing proportionately. Bangladesh is a small country but its population is very huge. This adverse land-man ratio is posing food problem to the fore front of our national challenges in the coming decades. As we have seen above increasing population is the major cause of food problem. Anyway, there are a number of reasons of food problem in Bangladesh.
Every year Bangladesh is losing thousands of hectors of its cultivable land due to housing and other infrastructural. Secondly our farmers mainly use unscientific tools and means of cultivation that hampers our food production. Moreover our agricultural lands are divided and subdivided and also highly fragmented. Sudden unexpected natural disasters like flood, storm, excessive rainfall, drought, etc. reduce the food production of the country. Lack of proper distribution of food also creates food crisis in the country.
Any decline or crisis in food production brings great distress to people especially poor people and seriously hampers economic growth of a country. The obvious result of food problem is starvation which in the long run leads to famine. When there is crisis or problem in food production, its prices rise.
Again in order to meet the demand for food supply, country has to import food gains from abroad with a heavy cost of foreign exchange. This poses a serious pressure on country’s economy and other sectors.
Food problem is a serious one and in Bangladesh sustaining food supply to increasing population is a major challenge reasonably coordinated and pragmatic effort in a necessary. Bangladesh must find ways to increase food production. We should go for hybrid crops and from his yielding seeds. We have to develop our cultivation system scientifically. And finally the mist important step is to control population explosion.
However as there is no alternative to food for our survival, we must solve this problem. Otherwise unprecedented and quite terrible disasters may fall on us. Starvation malnutrition, poverty and suffering will prevail frustration all our development projects and positive achievements.